Tibet Facts


Short form: Xizang

Int'l long form: Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR)

Int'l short form: Tibet

Etymological: the name Tibet is derived from the Sanskrit word Trivistapa which means "heaven." Tibetans called their homeland Bod.


Location: Asia, north of India, located on the Tibetan Plateau, the world's highest region.

Area: 1.2m sq km (471 700 sq miles), Bod: 2.5 million sq. km, approximately the size of Western Europe.

Terrain: 70% Grassland; from high plateau to tropical forest

Climate: Average temperture 28 degrees Celsius (Summer) -15 degrees Celsius (in Winter), extremely dry except during rainy season (July-August). Click here to know the best time to visit Tibet.


Tibetan history can be traced thousands of years back. Tibet's history can be diveded into four period: The Tsanpo's Period, The period of Decentrailzation, The period of Sakya, Pagdu, and Karmapa's Rule, and The period of the gandan Podrang's Administration. Read More...


Tibet FactsPopulation: 2.62 million

Ethnic Groups: primarily ethnic Tibetans; Menba, Lhoba, Mongols, Hui and a growing number of Han Chinese.

Religions: Tibetan Buddhism, Animism.

Culture: Wedding, Funeral

Languages: Tibetan, Chinese.

Festivals: Tibetan New Year, Shoton Festival, Bathing Festival.. Click to see more Fesitivals celebrated in Tibet.

Natural resources: Forests, wildlife, mineral resources, uranium (world's largest uranium reserve), hydro-, geothermal energy.

Agriculture products: Livestock and livestock products.

Industries: Mining, wool spinning, carpets, forestry, food processing, printing, building materials and machinery, tourism.

Currency: Chinese Yuan Renminbi (CNY)


Local Time = UTC +8h

Actual Time: Thu-Aug-25 15:35


Type: Communist party-led state (People's Republic of China)

The Tibet Autonomous Region was founded on 9 September 1965.

Regions and Cities:


Administrative Regions Area Code Regional Capital Elevation of Capital (m) Other Towns in this Region
Lhasa 0891 Lhasa City 3,658 Damxung
Shigatse (Xigaze) 0892 Shigatse City 3,836 Gyangtse, Tingri, Zhangmu
Shannan (Lhoka) 0893 Tsedang 3,500 Jiacha, Gongar
Nyingchi 0894 Bayi Town 3,000 Bomi, Basu, Ranwood,
Gongbuk Gyanta
Chamdo (Qamdo) 0895 Chamdo 3,240 Mangkhang, Banda
Nagqu (Nakchu) 0896 Nagqu 4,570 Amdo, Tuotuo River
Ngari (Ali) 0897 Gar (Shiquanhe) 4,300 Doma, Ritok, Tsada, Bakag, Chongpa, Taqing

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